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Ecommerce Product Page Optimization

Author: Jamie D'Alessandro

Last updated: 10/01/2024

Product pages on e-commerce websites are clearly valuable, but when did you last think about them beyond traffic metrics and sales? I believe there’s more utility to product pages than we give them credit for.

In this article, I’m going to dive deep into the importance of product pages: I’ll look at the current search landscape, talk a little about how Google Merchant Center fits in; plus I’ll share some great (and not so great) examples of product pages in the wild. 

You’ll walk away with a better understanding of how product pages feed into your buyers’ journeys (before they even visit your website!).

The Importance of Product Pages

As an SEO who works on a variety of e-commerce sites, I used to find that the framework I had for myself when it came to auditing a site was Collections/Category pages (or PLPs) first, and then product description pages (PDPs) second. I followed this approach because a site’s category pages are the pages that are going to rank for high-volume, priority keywords. They have a greater selection of products and are a crucial traffic source.

While I still allocate a lot of auditing resources on PLPs, I realize now that product pages need the same priority and attention, if not more. 

There are a few key reasons for this:

  • Product pages are the last page a customer will interact with before a conversion or sale is complete. It’s the last touch point you have with the customer before they decide to make a purchase. 
  • The more specific the user’s search, the higher the likelihood of them wanting to make a purchase. If the intent is specific enough, it can take a customer right to the relevant product page, increasing the likelihood of a conversion.
  • You’ll always have more product pages than you will PLPs, with each product page allowing for long-tail keywords. More PDPs means more opportunities for your customer and more chances for them to engage with your brand.

Finally, the increased demand for online shopping makes prioritizing your product pages a no-brainer.

The Current Shopping Search Results Landscape

Google is an increasingly competitive space for e-commerce. Product pages are more important than ever with things like SGE, Shopping Listings, and even the recent rollout of Shop Deals.

Take a look at a simple search for mascara. Let’s say I’m looking for a volumizing mascara in black. While regular “blue links” do appear, Google treats their search results as a mini PLP, allowing users to filter down without engaging directly with a website:

In addition to this, there are search “pills” that appear at the top of the SERP which give me further options for refinement:

Even SGE is getting in on the action, leveraging the same data as the other shopping features to provide a result:

These options offer retailers multiple opportunities to appear, so it’s essential to ensure your on-site experience for products is meeting best practices. In addition to your product structured data, there’s another source you’ll want to take full advantage of because Google is, too.

Don’t Sleep on Merchant Center

As a refresher, Merchant Center is a free tool offered by Google that rolled out in 2010. It plays a critical role in the product listings we see on Google (such as product knowledge panels) and for many Google Shopping ads a retailer may run. 

Google uses a combination of the structured data from your product landing pages and your Merchant Center in a variety of search “experiences”:

Source: Google Search Central documentation, “Share your product data with Google”

Information for products is uploaded via a feed. The feed can be as simple as an Excel document if you need to get started quickly, or you can implement more automated options.

Populating a site’s Merchant Center provides a wealth of information for Google to use in the SERPs, so you must be nurturing your feed just as much as you would your website. 

Here are some things to consider when optimizing your Merchant Center feed:

  • Product Title: The same best practices that apply to your landing page apply here. While your Merchant Center titles don’t have to match your website exactly, you want to ensure essential attributes exist in the title, such as size, color, model, and gender (where applicable). But you’ll also want to ensure more descriptive attributes exist, such as material or pattern. Depending on the product category, some attributes are required in your feed data.
  • Take Advantage of Bundles: You can add product bundles on your site to the Merchant Center using the [is_bundle] attribute. Bundles exclusive to your website are a great way to drive traffic to exclusive products. 
  • Include Shipping and Return Information: This information is essential on your product landing page and helpful information to share in your Merchant Center too. This information often gets included in listings, which helps contribute to click-through rate (CTR) for your product.
  • Include Promotions: Everyone loves a deal (including me), and promotion data is a great way to encourage click-through rates on your products. Often, your promotion could be the difference between someone buying with you or another competitor. Retailers who provide promotion data will get a “special offer” link with their desktop and mobile results.

There are plenty of other things to consider when optimizing your feed for the Merchant Center. Check out: Why You Should be Paying Attention to Your Google Shopping Feed by Mary Albright on the WTS Knowledge Hub.

Landing Page Best Practices for PDPs

While ensuring your Merchant Center contains all possible product information, the real gems are your landing pages. In our work as SEOs, we often overlap with UX (user experience) and CRO (conversion rate optimization). Essentially, our SEO work helps get people to the page, but everything else that needs to happen during that visit gets someone to convert. Let’s break down common landing page best practices and where they overlap with SEO:

Descriptive Page Titles, H1, and Product Copy

Ensure that your page title and H1 accurately reflect the page's intent. Your body copy should detail all important elements of your product. The copy should highlight unique features and emphasize why this is the product to buy.

SEO: Optimizing page titles with target keywords and clear intent means it is easier for Google to understand your page, how to rank it, and where. The more precise the intent, the easier it is for customers to find you. Additionally, having high-quality, helpful product information on the page contributes to your overall E-E-A-T, which we know is crucial for Google.

UX: First impressions matter, especially when you're a new customer. How detailed a brand is when it comes to its product can help build confidence in the customer. The customer can find what they're looking for (and then some). 

Structured Product Data

Structured product data is another way to help Google to understand your product. Structured data makes it easy for Google to “speak the same language.” When Google can understand something clearly, it makes it easier to use that information - and rank your PDP - where it needs to be. 

I don’t think anyone outside of SEO cares about structured data. But this structured data can be the very thing that helps encourage CTR, so technically, it’s good for your users during their search on Google.

Shipping and Return Information

Shipping and return information is vital information for your e-commerce store. Whenever I shop with a new clothing brand, I ALWAYS check the return policy. I never know how something will fit, and so the return policy will often determine whether or not I make a purchase. 

SEO: Your shipping and return information adds to the credibility of your brand, which again helps with E-E-A-T, specifically helping with trust signals. The more confidence Google has in your brand, the higher likelihood you’ll perform accordingly.

UX & CRO: A return policy allows customers to “de-risk” their purchase. This information should be available on the product page.

Variety of Product Images

Online shopping may never replace the feeling of checking out a product in person, but boy does it try. Your product images are critical. They should be bright, clear, and showcase detail. For apparel brands, it should show all angles of a fit (and showing how an item looks on different body types is a definite bonus). 

SEO: If you couldn’t tell the theme here, E-E-A-T is just as crucial for e-commerce as any other YMYL site. A variety of high-quality photos help build confidence and help set the standard of what great PDPs should include. 

UX & CRO: A stock photo has never sold me, try to include a variety of product-focused photos and lifestyle images. 

Speed and Mobile Optimization

Over 58% of traffic comes from mobile devices, meaning traffic, and purchases, are happening on mobile. If your mobile shopping experience is lacking, you’ll likely miss out on sales. Even if you have an ideal mobile shopping experience, how fast your site is still matters.

SEO: Mobile-first indexing is here. Mobile/desktop parity is something SEOs need to be aware of, especially if their site needs to be more responsive or is intentionally omitting information on one version or another. It’s the mobile version of your site - and all of its data - that Google will use for indexing. Once you have your mobile site figured out, ensure it’s loading quickly. Page speed is one of many ranking factors that has everything to do with the experience your site offers. The slower the site, the worse experience your customer will have. 

UX & CRO: Mobile sites that are functional and easy for customers to use are the difference between a customer bouncing or not. I’ve been on plenty of product pages where links are broken, information is missing, or worse, I can’t even add a product to my shopping cart. The better your customer experience, the higher the likelihood they will stay a while and hopefully make a purchase. 

Internal Links

Internal links are such a powerful source of information. They tell search engines what pages we care about and which to crawl next. They help customers find related products or information they care about. They’re a win-win all around.

SEO: We can control (or influence) internal links, helping to make sure the most essential pages get linked to. We know the signals from internal links are strong and can help boost page performance. 

UX & CRO: As a customer, internal links can direct you to new products you might have yet to learn about. My favorite things to explore on new sites are “Best Sellers” or “Customers Also Liked.” These pages allow customers to explore your site and your products without bouncing immediately if they don’t like the initial product they landed on. Giving customers options helps them feel in control of their purchase.

Best Practices for Newly Added Product Pages

Generally, the optimizations you perform on your existing pages will apply to new ones. But newly added product pages often need a little more TLC. Here’s a checklist I follow when new PDPs are added:

  • Add to XML and HTML Sitemaps: Check to make sure your new product page finds its way to the applicable sitemaps to help with discovery. 
  • Ensure Appropriate Merchandising: For larger e-commerce sites, sometimes a product can make sense in multiple categories. Ensure the product is merchandised correctly (with links to the product from the category page working correctly).
  • Add to Merchant Center: Check to ensure that your Merchant Center feed uploads the new product data (if using an automated feed) or that it is manually added.
  • Set the Canonical Tag: For new products with different variants or options, ensure that the canonicals are set up correctly. Determine what should be the canonical URL and what variants should be canonical to that. 
  • Find Internal Link Opportunities: Are there blog posts where you can link to your product? Are there information pages on the site where your product would make sense? Internal links are a strong indicator for Google, and sending internal links to your new product can give it a little boost.

Best-in-Class Examples (And What Not to Do)

What is considered “best” will always be subjective, but with millions of e-commerce websites, you become aware of which brands do things right (and which don’t). If you’re a visual learner like me, here are some examples of brands who I think are getting it right (and some who could do better).

Best-in-Class Example 1: Apple iPhone


Have you ever thoroughly looked at Apple’s product pages for the iPhone? They’re as detailed as they come, with impeccable product imagery, opportunities to engage on the page, and loads of information on all the new features you’d care about.

Best-in-Class Example 2: Marcella New York


Marcella is a women's clothing brand I recently found and have been obsessed with ever since. Their product pages are pretty simple, but the information they provide gives me everything I need to feel confident about making a purchase.

They offer tons of product images -- there are multiple angles, lifestyle photos, and even a GIF of someone putting on the shirt (they also have a video tutorial if you need it). Their value proposition is clear, and their brand ethos is right on display. But most importantly, their shipping and return policies are readily available. Marcella has also done a great job soliciting reviews, which are often the final consideration I need to make a purchase. Sometimes, it’s not about the fanciest web design. It’s about executing the basics beautifully.

Best-in-Class Example 3: Code Wallets


A co-worker shared this brand with me since I’m in the market to buy my husband a new wallet. What I like here is that the product page clearly breaks down the unique features of this wallet.

The visuals of the wallet show how you can hold up to 10 cards and how easy it is to access them. They speak to their audience with phrases like, “No more bulging pockets,” which is the exact thing my husband looks for in a wallet. The value propositions of the wallet are clear and straight to the point. Even their warranty is clearly stated on the page, which we know can help with conversions. 

Could-Be-Better Example 1: Kuma Coffee


We know what a great PDP looks like, but what about PDPs that need more TLC?

We love coffee on our team and another co-worker spoke highly about this brand. While I have no doubt the coffee tastes great, their product page is lacking:

First, the breadcrumbs don’t give me the option to go back to the collections page the product is a part of. That’s an immediate fix. Second, the page design doesn’t feel the most user-friendly, especially with the photos on the right-hand side and creating additional white space. These images are even more of a problem on mobile, pushing the CTA way below the initial view.

But most importantly, where is the return information? What are their shop policies? Can I get free shipping over a certain dollar amount? Where is the option to leave reviews? Plenty of opportunities for this page. 

Could-Be-Better Example 2: London Fog


London Fog is another example of a quality product but not-so-quality product page. London Fog has the same breadcrumb issues that don't include the product's parent category. The page design is all black and white, with little to no visual elements to break up the text. This jacket is on sale, but look how underwhelming it is! Why not highlight this discount? Show a percentage off?

There's no additional imagery that shows off other angles or lifestyle photos. Again, there are no reviews, so potential consumers can’t gauge how other customers felt about this coat or how it fits. Return information is available, but it’s at the bottom of the page.

Take Care of Your Product Pages

There are often so many opportunities to improve product pages that it can feel overwhelming. If you’re not sure where or how to get started, here’s how I’d suggest prioritizing:

  • Check that basic functions like breadcrumbs are set up properly. This will ensure the correct signals are being sent at scale to Google.
  • Get your shipping and return information on your product pages! This should be added at a template level, so you can set it and forget it.
  • Start with your top performers. What products drive the most revenue? Alternatively, what products drive a lot of traffic but sales aren’t as high?

Remember, creating the best product pages is a marathon, not a sprint. Leverage your customer behavior data to see how you can make improvements. 

I hope I’ve done a convincing job of showing you that product pages are deserving of a little more love and attention. They are the last stop between your customer and a sale, Google leverages them in any way they can in the SERPs, but most importantly, they are a way to connect with your customers. They’re such a vital touch point for your brand. When you invest in your customer’s experience from the beginning, your brand can only go up.

Jamie D'Alessandro - Sr. SEO Specialist, Amsive

Jamie is a Sr. SEO Specialist with 5+ years of experience connecting content and strategy. She has a real eye for complex ecommerce problem-solving.